Don’t include any income that you elected to treat as effectively connected and included on Schedule 1 (Form 1040), line 5. For more information, see the instructions for Schedule 1, line 5, earlier. Except as provided next, include all dividends paid by U.S. corporations on line 1a. Include all U.S. source dividends paid by foreign corporations on line 1b. Include all dividend equivalent payments received with respect to section 871(m) transactions on line 1c. If you made a gift and received a benefit in return, such as food, entertainment, or merchandise, you can generally deduct only the amount that is more than the value of the benefit.

Form 9000, Alternative Media Preference, or Form 9000(SP) allows you to elect to receive certain types of written correspondence in the following formats. The IRS Video portal ( contains video and audio presentations for individuals, small businesses, and tax professionals. The following IRS YouTube channels provide short, informative videos on various tax-related topics in English, Spanish, and ASL. On, you can get up-to-date information on current events and changes in tax law. See Need a Copy of Your Tax Return Information?

  1. The amount of each type of income should be shown in the column under the appropriate U.S. tax rate, if any, that applies to that type of income in your particular circumstances.
  2. Taxpayers will also see important new updates to the “Where’s My Refund?
  3. You should receive a Form SSA-1042S showing the total social security benefits paid to you in 2023 and the amount of any benefits you repaid in 2023.

For this foreign income to be treated as effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business, you must have an office or other fixed place of business in the United States to which the income can be attributed. For more information, including a list of the types of foreign source income that must be treated as effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business, see chapter 4 of Pub. Include any net investment income tax from Form 8960 for the part of the year you were a U.S. resident on Schedule 2 (Form 1040), line 12. See Form 8960 and its instructions for more details. If you file for a nonresident alien estate or trust that has an office in the United States, file the return by the 15th day of the 4th month after the tax year ends.

My experience with Sprintax was really good, it made filing
US taxes very simple and easy to understand. If you have comments concerning the time and cost estimates, you can contact us at either one of the addresses shown under We Welcome Comments on Forms, earlier. Enter the amount of the aggregate effectively connected unrecaptured section 1250 gain that would be recognized on the deemed sale of section 1(h)(6) gain assets from Schedule K-3 (Form 1065), Part XIII, line 5.

Instructions for Form 1040-NR (

Exception 2 above is only for individual taxpayers. The safest and easiest way to receive a tax refund is to e-file and choose direct deposit, which securely and electronically transfers your refund directly into your financial account. Direct deposit also avoids the possibility that your check could be lost, stolen, destroyed, or returned undeliverable to the IRS. Eight in 10 taxpayers use direct deposit to receive their refunds. If you don’t have a bank account, go to for more information on where to find a bank or credit union that can open an account online.

Who can file with Sprintax?

The state or local income tax must be of a U.S. state or local government. You can use Schedule LEP (Form 1040), Request for Change in Language Preference, to state a preference to receive notices, letters, or other written communications from the IRS in an alternative language. You may not immediately receive written communications in the requested language.

For canceled debt that is U.S. source and effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business, see Pub. 4681, Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments (for Individuals). Report income or loss from rental real estate, royalties, partnerships, estates, trusts, and residual interests in real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs) on Schedule 1 (Form 1040), line 5.

Why are there different versions of the 1040 form?

All of Jean’s wages from the internship were withheld upon and reported in box 1 on Jean’s Form W-2. On Jean’s Form 1040-NR, Jean should report $3,000 on line 1a, include $5,000 on line 1k, and complete item L on Schedule OI (Form 1040-NR). Jean should attach the Form W-2 to Jean’s Form 1040-NR. Jean should also attach a statement turbotax 1040nr to Jean’s Form 1040-NR containing all information that would have otherwise been required on a Form 8233 to justify the exemption claimed. If you were a resident alien on the last day of the tax year and you’re filing Form 1040 or 1040-SR, include the tax on the noneffectively connected income on Schedule 2 (Form 1040), line 17o.

See Line 4 under Instructions for Schedule 2, later, for additional information. Enter the deductible part of your self-employment tax on Schedule 1 (Form 1040), line 15. See the Instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040) for additional information. If you’re filing Form 1040-NR for a foreign trust, you may have to file Form 3520-A, Annual Information Return of Foreign Trust With a U.S. Owner, on or before the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of the trust’s tax year.

Credits & Deductions

In 2023, Jean completed a paid summer internship with a U.S. company. Under Article 21 (Students and Trainees) of the income tax treaty with France, Jean can exempt up to $5,000 of personal services income from U.S. tax. Jean submitted a valid Form 8233 to Jean’s employer to claim an exemption from withholding for the portion of Jean’s wages that is exempt under the treaty. Jean received a Form 1042-S from Jean’s employer showing the $5,000 exempt amount and a Form W-2 showing $3,000 of wages in box 1. On Jean’s 2023 Form 1040-NR, Jean should report $3,000 on line 1a, include $5,000 on line 1k, and complete item L on Schedule OI (Form 1040-NR).

Completing Form 1040-NR is especially important for nonresidents who plan to reenter the United States. If you wish to modify your visa terms, you will likely have to show that you submitted any required tax forms. Sprintax is the official nonresident tax partner of TurboTax – they make it easy to file your nonresident tax return online. However, we’ve partnered with Sprintax to offer 1040-NR tax preparation for international students, scholars, and nonresident foreign professionals.

If you’re filing Form 1040-NR for a nonresident alien estate or trust, change the form to reflect the provisions of subchapter J, chapter 1, of the Internal Revenue Code. You may find it helpful to refer to Form 1041 and its instructions for some purposes when completing the Form 1040-NR rather than looking to these instructions for details. Enter your income in the row that lists the correct category of income and in the column that lists the correct tax rate under a tax treaty or the general U.S. tax rules. Use column (d) if the income is subject to a 0% rate or if the rate isn’t listed in column (a), (b), or (c).

If you file for a nonresident alien estate or trust that does not have an office in the United States, file the return by the 15th day of the 6th month after the tax year ends. Taxpayers use the federal 1040 form to calculate their taxable income and tax on that income. One of the first steps is to calculate Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) by first reporting your total income and then claiming any allowable adjustments, also known as above-the-line deductions. Your AGI is an important number since many credits and deduction limitations are affected by it. The IRS Form 1040 is one of the official documents that U.S. taxpayers can use to file their annual income tax return. There have been a few recent changes to the federal form 1040.

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